When accessing documents with
document() I can provide a node set as second argument. If the first argument is a relative URI reference, then the base URL of the first node of this node set is used to resolve it. Otherwise the processor uses the stylesheet's base URL if the first argument is a string or the first argument's base URL if it is a node.
In the diary of Augustus the Younger we annotate places and persons with a reference to a central registry file. The registry contains a link to an authority record and a standardized name of the entity.<div xml:id="E1601-04-03"> <head> <date when="1601-04-03">den 3 Aprilis <c>♀</c> </date> </head> <p> H<ex>err</ex> <rs ref="register.xml#Julius_Ernst_Br-Db" type="person">Juli<ex>us</ex> kommen</rs>; die Pfe<ex>rde</ex> nach <rs ref="register.xml#Warpke" type="place">warpke</rs> geschickett. </p> </div>
And in the registry file:<person xml:id="Julius_Ernst_Br-Db"> <idno type="URI">http://d-nb.info/gnd/121123553</idno> <persName type="display">Julius Ernst, Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Herzog</persName> </person>
I wanted the name to be displayed to the user once the mouse pointer hovers over the reference. I knew that I had to dereference the value of the ref attribute and put the display name in a HTML title attribute. I did not know to which base URL relative URI references are resolved: the stylesheet's, the documents', or maybe even the processor's current working directory.
Reading up on this in my trustworthy Kay (Kay, Michael. XSLT: Programmer’s Reference. Birmingham: Wrox Press, 2000) I got the whole story. If
document() is called with one argument and the argument is a string, the stylesheet's base URL is used to resolve a relative URI reference. If the argument is a node, the node's base URL is used. Use the second argument to provide a node whose base URL should be used instead.
For me this meant: Simply use
document(ref) without worries, since the relative URI reference is resolved with the ref attribute's base URI.